136 A.2d 221
No. 4533.Supreme Court of New Hampshire Merrimack.
Decided November 15, 1957.
1. Where the United States Supreme Court vacated the judgment of this court in Wyman v. Uphaus, 100 N.H. 436, and “remanded the case for consideration in the light of Sweezy v. New Hampshire, 354 U.S. 234,” the New Hampshire Supreme Court after reconsideration held that the Sweezy case was inconclusive of the issues presented in the Uphaus case and adhered to its original ruling.
MOTION, for reinstatement of judgment. After the opinion in Wyman v. Uphaus, 100 N.H. 436, was filed, the defendant sought review by the Supreme Court of the United States. By order dated October 14, 1957, that court vacated the judgment of this court and remanded the case “for consideration in the light of Sweezy v. New Hampshire, 354 U.S. 234.” Uphaus v. Wyman, 78 S.Ct. 57. The plaintiff thereupon moved that the former judgment of this court be reinstated.
Louis C. Wyman, Attorney General, pro se, for the motion.
Nighswander, Lord Bownes for the defendant, opposed.
In Sweezy v. New Hampshire, 354 U.S. 234, 254, 255, less than a majority of the Supreme Court of the United States was of the opinion that “use of the contempt power, notwithstanding the interference with constitutional rights, was not in accordance with the due process requirements of the Fourteenth Amendment” because of “a separation of the power of [the state] legislature to conduct investigations from the responsibility to direct the use of that power.” However the judgment of this court was there reversed because other members of the court sufficient to make a majority were of the opinion that there should be reversal for other reasons which appear to us inapplicable to the facts presented by the case now pending. We therefore
conclude that Sweezy v. New Hampshire is inconclusive of the issues in the pending case.
It is difficult to determine from the several opinions in Sweezy v. New Hampshire, supra, the full implication of the decision of that case. However, it appears to rest substantially on the ground that our Legislature did not desire an answer to the questions asked the defendant Uphaus by the Attorney General. With due deference we are compelled to state that this concept is erroneous. The legislative history makes it clear beyond a reasonable doubt that it did and does desire an answer to these questions. Laws 1957, c. 347, approved July 11, 1957. We believe that the Legislature was entitled to the information sought. How this error on the part of the Supreme Court may have affected its opinions we do not know.
We are loath to believe that under the Federal Constitution a state does not have the right to protect itself against subversion by inquiry of the sort provided for by our Legislature. The implications of such a conclusion are so grave and so at variance with what we have considered to be the settled law that we feel any ruling to this effect must come from another tribunal than ours.
Prior to the order of the United States Supreme Court, the defendant herein moved for a rehearing in reliance upon Sweezy v. New Hampshire, supra, which motion was denied on July 9, 1957. We have again reconsidered our opinion in the light of the Supreme Court’s decision in the Sweezy case and we adhere to our original ruling in Wyman v. Uphaus, supra. The order is
Former result affirmed; case remanded.
DUNCAN, J. dissented to the extent and for the reasons indicated in his former dissenting opinion reported in Wyman v. Uphaus, 100 N.H. 436, 448-451, but otherwise concurred.